Projects
 

CMURM  Projects

The following is a list of projects for which CMURM has received funding, or for which CMURM provided funding (including substantive in-kind services).  The list provides the name of the project, time period of the project from the year of award to completion of final reports, primary responsibility of CMURM associates, funding sources, and project partners.  Additional descriptive information is provided as needed.  The projects are listed in chronological order based on the first year of award.

During June 2013 CMURM conducted scientific underwater archaeological investigation in northern Lake Michigan at site 20UM723 under permit with the Department of Natural Resources of the State of Michigan on behalf of Great Lakes Exploration Group (GLX). GLX believed the site to be that of La Salle’s Le Griffon, specifically that of the bowsprit. However examination of the bottomland in which the timber stood and further investigations, including 14C dating and CT scans of the timber for dendrochronological data, indicate that it is a remnant of the 19th century pound net stake fishery. For details of the research and history of the project, see the papers from the symposium held at the 2014 Society for Historical Archaeology’s Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology and made available by the Advisory Council for Underwater Archaeology www.acuaonline.org in ACUA Underwater Archaeology Proceedings 2014 at www.lulu.com/spotlight/acua.


Final Report: Test Excavation at Site 20UM723, Northern Lake Michigan 2013. 2014. Underwater archaeological excavation and consulting services on behalf of and funded by Great Lakes Exploration Group, LLC, Charlevoix, Michigan. Submitted to the State Archaeologist, State Historic Preservation Office, Lansing, Michigan.


The Underwater Cultural Heritage of Pedro Bank, Jamaica:  A Project Research Design (2000); consulting services; funded by Admiralty Corporation, Atlanta, Georgia under permit from the Government of Jamaica.

Research, Conservation, and Management of R.M.S. Titanic (2000); consulting services; funded by R.M.S. Titanic, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia.

The Abolitionist Steamboat, North Star, Cruises to Freedom (2000); sponsored paper presented by John Polacsek, curator, Dossin Great Lakes Museum at Michigan’s 4th Annual Underground Railroad Summit. 

Reconnaissance and Remote-Sensing Survey of Historic Shipwreck Lady Elgin, Lake Michigan, Illinois (1999 - 2000); consulting services; funded by ACE/CIGNA Corporation in partnership with American Diving & Salvage of Chicago, Illinois.  

Conservation of 18th Century Brass Religious Medallions from the Wreck Site of Spanish Galleon El Buen Consejo, Anguilla, British West Indies (1999 - 2000); supervising conservator; funded by Anguilla Maritime Research, Ltd. and CMURM in partnership with the Government of Anguilla.

Survey of Great Lakes Maritime Heritage Attractions (1999 - 2000); principal investigator; developed a database of facilities that interpret the maritime heritage of the Great Lakes (e.g., museums, lighthouses, historic ship exhibits) for use in tourism research and development; funded by Michigan State University and the Office of the Governor, State of Michigan.

A Comprehensive Plan for Adaptive Use and Development of National Historic Landmark Vessel City of Milwaukee (1999); principal investigator; funded by Michigan State University in partnership with the Society for the Preservation of S.S. City of Milwaukee.

Development of an Assessment and Monitoring Program for Newly Discovered Shipwrecks in the Michigan Great Lakes (1998 - 2000); principal co-investigator; funded by the Michigan Coastal Management Program in partnership with the State Archaeologist Office.

Great Lakes Recreation and Tourism:  A Pilot Study to Scientifically Assess the Use of Coastal Environments and the Economic Impact to Coastal Counties (1998 -2000); principal co-investigator; project proposal and professional presentations developed in partnership among CMURM, Western Michigan University, and the Special Projects Office of the National Ocean Service, NOAA. 

Archaeological Survey of Marine Protected Areas (1998 - 1999); project investigators; developed a draft plan for survey of historic shipwrecks and other underwater cultural resources in the Thunder Bay Underwater Preserve, Michigan; funded by the Office of the Governor, State of Michigan in partnership with Michigan State University and the State Archaeologist Office.

A Business Plan for the Thunder Bay Underwater Park and National Shipwreck Sanctuary (1998 - 1999); principal co-investigator; funded by the Office of the Governor, State of Michigan in partnership with Michigan State University.

Strategic Management and Development Plan for the Historic Shipwreck El Buen Consejo at Anguilla, British West Indies (1997 - 2000); principal investigator; funded by CMURM and Anguilla Maritime Research, Ltd. in partnership with the Government of Anguilla.

Steam Barge Three Brothers:  A Model for Monitoring and Assessment of Historic Shipwrecks (1997 - 2000); principal co-investigator; the project included development of a site plan using direct measurement and photography, and preparation of an oral history; funded by the National Park Service and CMURM in partnership with Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, State of Michigan, and the Northwest Michigan Maritime Museum.

Acoustic Remote Sensing Survey and Underwater Archaeological Assessment of the Straits of Mackinac, Michigan (6 square miles) for a Proposed Pipeline Crossing (1997); archaeological fieldwork for Mount McGovern Company, Ltd.; the project included a pedestrian survey of shoreline and shallow-water areas as well as scuba diving reconnaissance; funded by Great Lakes Gas Transmission Company.

Rapid Baseline Documentation and Preliminary Assessment of a Newly Discovered Shipwreck at South Manitou Island, Michigan (1996); principal investigator; funded by CMURM and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality in partnership with Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, Northwest Michigan Maritime Museum, and Great Lakes Visual/Research, Inc.

Evaluation of an Underwater Site Thought to Contain the Remnants of a Prehistoric Dugout Canoe (1996); project coordinator and investigator; funded by the Puerto Rican Office for the Conservation and Study of Submerged Archaeological Sites and Resources, and Michigan State University.

A High Resolution, Remote Sensing System and Methods for Assessment of Deep-Water Shipwrecks (1995 - 1999); project coordinator and investigator; funded by the Michigan Sea Grant College Program and the NOAA National Sea Grant College Program in partnership among Michigan State University, University of Michigan, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.  

Proposed Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Draft Management Plan (1995 - 1997); managing editor and production team; the study featured a collection of approximately 160 shipwrecks and other underwater cultural resources (e.g., submerged prehistoric sites, historic docks and wharfs, commercial fishing sites, coastal logging sites, and sites associated with historic Great Lakes resorts and other tourism facilities); funded by the National Marine Sanctuary Program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in partnership with Michigan State University.

Saginaw Bay Archaeological Project Pilot Technology Assessment (1995 - 1996); project investigators; prediction of prehistoric archaeological sites in Saginaw Bay and assessment of appropriate technologies for identification, documentation, and excavation; funded by the Michigan Coastal Management Program in partnership with Michigan State University.

Development of a Collections Management Program for the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Museum at Whitefish Point, Michigan (1995 - 1996); project coordinator and investigator; conducted an evaluation of the organization’s artifact collection, and provided conservation recommendations for approximately 400 artifacts recovered from the Great Lakes; funded by the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society in partnership with Michigan State University.

Development of a Conservation Plan for the Ship’s Bell from Sunken Great Lakes Freighter Edmund Fitzgerald (1995); supervising conservator; directed care of the bell immediately after recovery, conducted conservation treatments, and supervised restoration of the bell as near as possible to its original appearance for display in the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Museum; funded by the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society, Inc., and Michigan State University.

Impacts on Underwater Cultural Resources: Diagnosing Change and Prescribing Solutions (1995); principal investigator; literature review published in the underwater archaeology proceedings of the Society for Historical Archaeology; funded by CMURM in partnership with the Department of Park, Recreation and Tourism Resources of Michigan State University.

Linking the Economy and Environment of Florida Keys and Florida Bay (1993 - 1995); consulting services on the community involvement process and research design for a recreation and tourism survey of Monroe County, Florida (i.e., Florida Keys region); the survey was primarily funded by NOAA and included recreational scuba divers, snorkelers, and other water recreationists; CMURM participation was funded by the Department of Park, Recreation and Tourism Resources and Michigan Sea Grant Extension at Michigan State University in partnership with the Strategic Environmental Assessments Division (SEA) of the National Ocean Service, NOAA., Keys Association of Dive Operators, and the National Center for Shipwreck Research.

Great Lakes Regional Conference on Underwater Cultural Resources (1993 and 1995); project coordinator and investigator; resulted in publication of Great Lakes Underwater Cultural Resources: Important Information for Shaping Our Future (1993) and a draft position paper on the use, management, and development of underwater cultural resources (1995); funded by the Canadian Embassy, Michigan Coastal Management Program, National Park Service, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation in partnership with Michigan State University.

Phase II - Integration and Transfer of Video Mosaic Imaging to the Field of Underwater Resource Management (1992 - 1994); principal investigator; funded by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in partnership with the Thunder Bay Underwater Preserve Committee, Michigan Historical Center, Michigan Office of the Great Lakes, Wisconsin Underwater Archaeology Program, and National Park Service (HABS-HAER).

Terrestrial and Underwater Archaeological Survey of Crannogs and other Prehistoric Features in Scotland, United Kingdom (1990 - 1999); survey director and site surveyor; archaeological methods included field walking, field surveying, site planning, underwater survey and excavation, and computer mapping; the study included multiple field projects funded by the University of Edinburgh, University of Leeds, and University of Leister, United Kingdom, and Cornell University, USA.

Isle Royale Vernacular Boat Study, Isle Royale National Park, Houghton, Michigan (1990 - 1997); project director and principal investigator; identification and documentation of the vernacular watercraft of the western Lake Superior region; the study included archival research, oral history interviews, detail photography, dimensional sketches, line drawings, written histories, and evaluation of watercraft for preservation and restoration; funded by the National Park Service and the Isle Royale Vernacular Boat Study.

Management Initiative for the Manitou Passage Underwater Preserve (1988 - 1995); project coordinator, investigator, and consultant; the initiative included survey and documentation of historic shipwrecks and submerged dock/wharf sites, development of interpretive programs, establishment of recreation services, coordination of management programs, and publication of the Inventory of Maritime and Recreation Resources of the Manitou Passage Underwater Preserve (1995); funded by the Michigan Coastal Management Program and the Michigan Historical Center; project partners included the Manitou Passage Underwater Preserve Committee, Northwest Michigan Maritime Museum, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore; State Archaeologist Office, and the Submerged Cultural Resources Unit of the National Park Service; CMURM received the 1996 institution/government award from the Michigan Historic Preservation Network for research/outreach activities associated with the initiative/publication.

Training Programs

CMURM associates were involved in the development and instruction of the following training programs:

Graduate level course in Maritime Heritage and Management (1996 - 2000); two semester, core course for students specializing in Maritime Studies; administered by the Department of Park, Recreation and Tourism Resources at Michigan State University.

Field school in Integrated Marine Resource Management and Coastal Tourism at Anguilla, British West Indies (1999-2000); curriculum modules in marine ecology, maritime heritage tourism, and marine parks; administered by the Michigan State University Study Abroad Program in partnership with the Department of Park, Recreation and Tourism Resources, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Government of Anguilla, and Anguilla Maritime Research, Ltd.

Training course in Avocational Underwater Archaeology and Maritime Historical Research (1999); coordinated by the Department of Park, Recreation and Tourism Resources at Michigan State University in partnership with the Ontario Marine Heritage Conservation Program, Michigan Historical Center, NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program, ZZ Underwater World, and local organizations; provided Level 1 certification by the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS).